New HIE study reveals multi-billion pound economic potential of Scottish space industry
Scotland’s growing space industry has the potential to help put the UK at the forefront of the worldwide launch market for small commercial satellites over the next few years, a new study conducted by Highlands and Islands Enterprise (HIE) has found.
A detailed market analysis of the UK space launch opportunity was commissioned by (HIE) and carried out by RSM UK and SpaceTec Partners, an independent management consulting firm specialising in the international space sector.
Published online yesterday, the study concludes that the UK is well-positioned to access a growing global market that will send almost 4,000 small satellites (3,814) into ‘near space’ orbit of up 62 miles through 970 launches between 2020 and 2031.
This scale of activity has the potential to generate cumulative spaceport services revenues of around $490 million (c£350m) and $5.8 billion (c£4.2bn) in launch revenues.
As satellites become smaller and cheaper to produce, the numbers being launched by commercial operators have increased dramatically.
In 2009, fewer than 1,000 satellites (986) were in orbit around the Earth. Last year, that figure had almost trebled to just under 3,000 (2,787), around 61% of which were small satellites, weighing less than 500 kg.
Much of the demand has been driven by the vast number of products and applications now in daily use – from smartphones and health monitors to GPS devices – that rely on satellite data and technology.
Scotland already produces more small satellites than any other country in Europe and is home to two companies that design and manufacture launch vehicles – Orbex in Forres and Skyrora in Edinburgh.
Several locations in the north of the country are ideally suited as sites for vertical launch, benefiting from good access to both polar and sun-synchronous orbits as well as a skilled workforce and flexible supply chain. Ambitious developments are planned at Melness in Sutherland, Unst in Shetland (which also intends to launch larger vehicles and satellites) and North Uist in the Western Isles.
At the same time, horizontal launches are proposed for Prestwick in Ayrshire and Machrihanish in Argyll, as well as two sites further south – Snowdonia Spaceport and Spaceport Cornwall.
Gaining access to space capability will position the UK among the world’s leading ‘spacefaring’ countries, the report states. Although 95 nations around the world operate satellites, only six have launch capacity at present.
International competition is becoming fierce, with several small countries currently planning their own launch sites. Nonetheless, the researchers conclude that the UK can expect to capture a share of the growing global and European small satellite launch market in the coming years.
Martin Johnson, Highlands and Islands Enterprise director of strategy and regional economy, said the research represents the most extensive study of the market opportunity for the UK space sector that has been carried out to date.
He said: “These findings show the UK space sector is set for considerable growth this decade, and that presents a tremendous economic opportunity for Scotland.
“This growth is largely driven by our increasing use of devices such as smart phones and watches and streaming services, as well as the need for accurate Earth observation data for a range of uses including monitoring climate change.
“The Highlands and Islands is ideally placed to host launch services at a number of locations that offer good access to orbit and other advantages.
“Launch capacity in turn supports opportunities for manufacturers of satellites and launch vehicles, as well as the wider supply chain.
“Importantly, this research demonstrates that the market scale is capable of supporting a number of complementary UK launch sites, that together will strengthen the country’s competitive position on the international stage.”
Ivan McKee, innovation minister, added: “This research demonstrates to us that Scotland has a great opportunity to realise its potential to become Europe’s leading commercial space nation and capture a slice of the £4bn global market by 2030.
“Scotland already has a world class reputation in both smallsat manufacture and satellite data processing and applications. We have two launch vehicle manufacturers based in Scotland that are making rapid progress developing a new class of launch vehicles that are smaller, cleaner and more environmentally efficient than the large-scale rockets we have seen in the past.
“With a number of spaceports in development that all offer something slightly different to the market, we are well on the way to closing that last gap in our capability and delivering a full end-to-end solution that enables to us to build, launch and offer analysis.
“The findings of this study show us a way forward in the post-COVID world. We must now put practical steps in place alongside industry to harness this opportunity through the provision of affordable, reliable access to space and ensure that Scotland is recognised as a leading destination for attracting space-based businesses from all across the world.”